Wednesday, January 2, 2019


People (some) still think that we should be able to reach the "edge" if in fact the earth is really flat.


In summer (north) there is a phenomenon known as the midnight sun (three examples here), where you can watch the orb of the sun circle around you 360° in 24 hours. But, you cannot find raw footage of a clean unedited 24 hour 360° pan of the Antarctic midnight sun. Three fake Antarctic midnight sun videos (Scott Base, McMurdo, Amundsen) are exposed in the first video below. The tricks in the first two clips, that fool casual observers, are discussed on a separate page (click here).

The third clip, is part of a series of 21 month-long time lapses, where 6 to 10 hours are missing each and every day! Here is what someone told me: "Cutting out giant chunks of the day does not prove anything (notice I underlined "prove"). No one is disputing that this clip contains partial footage. It doesn't mean there is no 24hr sun at Amundsen in December." That's classic cognitive dissonance!

Video 1. south pole debunk FAKE Antarctica midnight sun

Did you see how the fake sun moves from right to left? That is because they want to give the impression that you are at the bottom of the ball looking north, compared to looking south from the top of the ball, to see the midnight sun.

11/19/2023 notes for corrections
Notice below I was discombobulated by the Sun moving right to left. ๐Ÿ˜†๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜‚
I have since made a video on shadows that clears that up perfectly. The shadows video was in response to "Jake" who was claiming there is no circling Sun because south of the Tropic, the Sun APPEARS TO rise from the SE and sets SW, as indicated by the yellow arrow in the diagram below. He even suggested that "you would need two Suns" which of course would result in two shadows for everything, which of course is not observed. Jake continues to fuss over his gross misunderstanding, and a few times a year he makes a video about it. ๐Ÿ˜†๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜‚
The puzzle was largely solved when I looked into shadows. The key was to look at shadow rotation! So, if the Sun spirals between the two Tropics (which in fact is the case, and thee reason for the 23.5 degree tilt, because the tropics are at 23.5 degrees, or 23.4, whatever) then we should see opposite shadow rotations on either side of the Tropic, and that's exactly what we find! Thus, it is just an optical effect!

Video 2 . (original!) SHADOWS PROVE Sun circling above

As you can see from the shadow tracings shown in the video above, we most definitely have a local Sun that spirals between the two tropics! So, my claim "you always look south to see the Sun, even way far south", is correct for sunrise and sunset, which matches perfectly "the historical record" below, and the home video below, because in both cases, the Sun was setting! ๐Ÿ˜†๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜‚
 So, the direction of the Sun in the obviously fake, heavily edited, 24 hour Antarctica midnight sun videos, is not a problem. But to me, it was a huge problem, back then, not anymore.
Poor Jake! He left flat earth over this! ๐Ÿ˜†๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜‚


If the sun moves left to right, east to west, even as far south as the Antarctic Circle (66.6°) and that it appears south of you in the sky, as you will see in the unedited home video below. (I will upload another recent video of a trip to Ross Island, craftily edited, that still has enough proof that this holds true even at 77° south latitude, practically the coast of Antarctica.—The funny thing in that video is when the narrator claims it is daylight outside at midnight because of the 24 hour sun THEY NEVER SHOWED IT!—(unfortunately, I made the mistake of pointing this out a few years back, when I left a comment on the video, and so, when I went back to download it, that part was edited out! But, this wasn't a 'made for YouTube' documentary, and I believe it aired on TV. So, that means the original unedited version still exists. I will get around to uploading it, and I will mark the exact spot where they clipped it.)

Then at what point in the south (at what latitude) does the switch occur? At what point must we look north to see the sun move counterclockwise, right to left, in the sky? At what point do we look north to see the sun north of us? <--- my old thinking ๐Ÿ˜†๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ˜‚

The historical record PROVES that you look SOUTH, EVEN AT 77°, to see the setting sun!

Captain Ross, an early explorer, made three trips to Antarctica and not once did he mention 24 hours of sunshine, or that the sun moved in the opposite direction and he had to look north to see it. See excerpt below from this link. (

Captain James Clark Ross took command of the 370-tonne EREBUS with his friend Francis Crozier assuming command of the 340-tonne TERROR.

Antarctica was the new challenge.

On October 5, 1839, EREBUS and TERROR left England on their southern voyage...on New Year's Day, 1841, they crossed the Antarctic Circle.

Image 1. Beaufort Island (red marker). Top of image (map) is north, east is to the right. Same as Image 2, zoomed out to show proximity of Beaufort Island to Antarctic Peninsula, located at far right of map, showing Drake Passage between tip of South America and Antarctic Peninsula. Around the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula is the Antarctic Circle, 66° 33´ 39" (or 66.6°) south of the Equator. Click to enlarge.

On January 28, there was another surprise: Beaufort Island (first charted by Ross in 1841, 77° south latitude, 21 kilometers north of Ross Island) and Mt. Erebus (the name given to the active volcano on Ross Island). Robert McCormick, EREBUS'S surgeon, described the discovery as "a stupendous volcanic mountain in a high state of activity".

 Image 2. Top of image (map) is north, east is to the right. Beaufort Island, top center of image, looking straight down (south) at Ross Island. Active volcano Mount Erebus, dead center of image. Extinct volcano Mount Terror, east (right) of Erebus. Scott base and McMurdo base are directly south of Erebus, at rightmost inlet. Click to enlarge.

Dr. Hooker ran to grab his notebook and quickly wrote down his reaction:

"All the coast one mass of dazzling beautiful peaks of snow which, when the sun approached the horizon, reflected the most brilliant tints of golden yellow and scarlet; and then to see the dark cloud of smoke, tinged with flame, rising from the volcano in a perfectly unbroken column, one side jet-black, the other giving back the colors of the sun ...This was a sight so surpassing everything that can be imagined...that it really caused a feeling of awe to steal over us at the consideration of our own comparative insignificance and helplessness, and at the same time, an indescribable feeling of the greatness of the Creator in the works of His hand."

The peak was 12,400 feet above sea level and was belching flame and smoke. Ross named it Mount Erebus and the smaller extinct volcano to the east, Mount Terror.


"Dr. Hooker ran to grab his notebook and quickly wrote down his reaction"


"when the sun approached the horizon"

If you want to see the sun all day, you must face south. From the Antarctic circle at the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula to Beaufort Island 600 miles further south, you never see the sun move counterclockwise in the opposite direction going right to left.

Below, is an authentic home video of a trip to Antarctica. Watch, as they cross Drake Passage heading south, the sun is west to the right. When they reach the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula, they film the sun setting to the right in the west. You only need to watch less than 5 minutes, to see the sunset. Watch it all if you love penguins!

Video 3. Welcome to Antarctica (sun always moves left to right) (penguins version)

Around the Antarctic circle, certain times of year, it may not get completely dark. This was seen in Andy's Antarctica Adventure (Welcome to Antarctica video above) when they camped overnight at Deception Island. It is also noted in the historical record:

"Captain Woodside of the American barkentine Echo, at Capetown on 26th June, 1898, reports that he had been a good deal in the great southern ocean, and often when in latitude 62° south he has had a kind of daylight all night, but not sufficient to read by; but the midnight sun was never seen." That's from Thomas Winship's book from 1899.


Water requires a container. Antarctica is the highest continent on earth (due to thick ice sheets) and like a giant circular bulwark, it contains the oceans. It is physically impossible to go much beyond 80° latitude, all you see is an endless flat white plain, and the sunlight soon runs out, making thee coldest place on earth even more deadly.

Video 4. No GPS in ANTARCTICA can only mean one thing: FLAT EARTH

 Why can't you just go and explore the edge of earth? Norwegian sailor Jarle Andhoy believes we are born free, therefore we live free. Learn about this modern day Viking, who was treated like a terrorist just because he sailed to Antarctica with friends. Three died on board the Berzerk, while Jarle and a friend were on ATV's trying to reach the fake south pole. Did New Zealand authorities sink that ship, you be the judge: 1) blog, 2) blog, 3) video, 4) video.

Video 5. Antarctica: Sorry We're Closed! Our Hidden Flat Earth (No, you just CAN'T go to the edge)


If you live on a globe, there should only be one "South Pole" and no matter where you are on the Antarctic Circle, the distance to the "South Pole" should be the same, right? WRONG!!! Google doesn't see it that way at all, watch the short video below.

Video 6. South Pole Debunked - Flat Earth Wins Again!


In the spinning globe model of earth, Antarctica is an ice continent which covers the bottom of the globe from 78° South latitude to 90° and is therefore not more than 12,000 miles in circumference. Many early explorers including Captain Cook and James Clark Ross, however, in attempting Antarctic circumnavigation took 3 to 4 years and clocked 50-60,000 miles around. The British ship Challenger also made an indirect but complete circumnavigation of Antarctica traversing 69,000 miles. These routes only make sense on the flat earth map!

Video 7. Aviation: Great Circle Routes or just a GREATER HOAX???

Image 3. Air Force Map, 1961.
For extra large view, just right click on the image and select "open link in new tab".


Image 4. Hammond's Air Age Map of the World.
For extra large view, just right click on the image and select "open link in new tab".

Image 5. Air Map, 1945.
For extra large view, just right click on the image and select "open link in new tab".

Image 5a. Air Map, 1945, bottom right corner. Variable length of a degree of longitude as you go south. Miles per degree longitude decreases as you go south from North Pole to Equator. Note that actual sailing distances indicate that longitude diverges south of the Equator, and miles per degree circumference tends to increase as you go south.

Northern Hemisphere Statute Miles per 10° North Pole to Equator:

North Pole 90
° to 80° is 120 miles (0 - 120)
° to 70° is 117 miles (120 - 237)
° to 60° is 110 miles (237 - 347)
60° to 50° is 98 miles (347 - 445)
50° to 40° is 86 miles (445 - 531)
40° to 30° is 69 miles (531 - 600)
30° to 20° is 50 miles (600 - 650)
20° to 10° is 31 miles (650 - 681)
10° to equator 0° is 11 miles (681 - 692)

Image 6. United Nations flag is a "hidden in plain sight" flat earth clue! This logo may in fact be the most correct layout. Click to enlarge.


Dead reckoning is the process of calculating one's position, especially at sea, by estimating the direction and distance traveled rather than by using landmarks, astronomical observations, or electronic navigation methods. For example, say you are caught in a storm and you have no electronics and you cannot use the sextant (mechanical navigational instrument) because you cannot see the stars or the moon or the sun, what do you do? You estimate your current position, based on your last known position, based upon known or estimated speeds over elapsed time and course. This works fine north of the equator, but dead reckoning always fails in the south. This is a direct result of the fact that longitude diverges south of the equator. Navigating in the south, while thinking you were on a globe, has often times resulted in disaster and death:

"Captain Woodside, of the American barkentine Echo, at Capetown, in June, 1898, says that on 12th January, 1896, being without observation for two days and sailing a straight course at 250 miles a day, he expected to be about 100 miles to the southward, and a long way to the eastward of Gough Island, in latitude 40° south; but was startled to find the ship making straight for the island, and barely escaped shipwreck. The Philena Winslaw was wrecked there 25 years ago, and there are remains of numerous other wrecks."

"This proves that although the usual allowance for shorter longitudes in the south had been made, the ship's position was not known. There must, therefore, be something wrong with the assumed length of degrees of longitude in the south. In the case above referred to, the ship was going to the eastward, and had an allowance in excess of the usual length of a degree of longitude been made, so as to correspond to what the length of degrees are at 40° south latitude, the ship's longitude would have been known. That it (longitude) was not known proves that degrees are longer at 40° south latitude than at the same latitude north of the equator."


The equator is thousands of miles smaller than the fake globe religion says it is. If you think the equator is as big as the globe religion claims, think again, because you will be proven wrong by commercial shipping routes, nothing goes west from South America. Even from North America, you must stop at some Islands before reaching Australia (see video 7 below).
michio kaku niel degrasse tyson parents plus zig zag sun
More direct proof comes from actual distance traveled by ships as recorded in their log books. We have two examples from the DISTANCES chapter of Thomas Winship's book. The author continues:

Video 9. REAL SIZE OF AUSTRALIA 3666.96 KM Sydney to Perth as crow flies based on ship log sailing distances 
I have further weight of evidence on this important branch of our subject, by comparing the theoretical measurements of the supposed "globe" with the distances actually made in sailing. These data, which I now submit, prove clearly to any unprejudiced mind, that the world cannot be the globe of astronomical imagination; but that it is an outstretched circular plane, without axial or orbital motion.

Sir Robert Ball, in his "Story of the Heavens," page 163, informs the reader that: "The dimensions of the earth are known with a high degree of accuracy."

This writer is recognised as an able exponent of globular hypotheses, and it is generally conceded that what he says may be regarded as correct. Let us now enquire with what high degree of accuracy the dimensions of the earth are known. If the earth be the globe it is generally said to be, it is evident that the further we go south from the equator, the smaller will the circles be, and no circle south of the equator could be equal to that at the equator.

SHIP LOG: S.S. Nithsdale
The S.S. Nithsdale, of Glasgow, Captain Hadden, sailed from Hamelin Bay, in Western Australia, on 8th January, 1898, arriving at Port Natal on 1st February, 1898, having steamed 4,519 nautical miles. Her log, of which the chief officer, Mr. Boyle (also a passed Master), kindly gave me a copy, shows that she did not make quite a rhumb line track.   

Hamelin Bay is in latitude 34° south and longitude 115° 5' east. Port Natal is situated in latitude 29° 53' south and 31° 4' east longitude. The difference of latitude being so small, we shall not get far out if we take the middle latitude, viz.: 32° south. The difference of longitude is 84° 1' or 4.28 of the complete circle of 360° round the world. Something must be added to the ship's log so as to bring the distance up to the rhumb line track, say 100 miles; therefore, to find the distance round the world at 32° south it is only necessary to solve the following problem:

According to the ship's log, the distance travelled is 4,519 nautical miles, and we added 100 to that to approximate the rumb line track. 4,619 nautical miles is 5,390 statute miles. This is the distance travelled along 84° 1' of the circumference of a 360° circle at 32° south latitude. X/5,390=360/84 therefore X=(5,390)(4.28) thus X=23,000 miles, nearly.

This is several thousand miles in excess of what the distance would or could be on a globe. And further south on a globe, the distance would be less.

SHIP LOG: H.M.S. Challenger
"In the 'Cruise of H.M.S. Challenger,' by W. J. J. Spry, the distance made good from the Cape of Good Hope to Melbourne is stated to be 7,637 miles. The Cape is in latitude 34° 31' south and Melbourne in latitude 37° south, the longitude of the Cape being 18° 30' east and Melbourne 145° east. The middle latitude is 35½°. Difference of longitude 126½°, which makes the distance round the world at that latitude (35½°) to be over 25,000 statute miles and as great as the equator is said to be. This latter distance is many thousand miles more than the purely theoretical measurement of the world at that latitude south. Thus we see on reliable evidence that the further we go south the greater is the distance round the world. From the same work, we find the distance from Sydney to Wellington to be 1,432 miles. The middle latitude is 37½°, and the difference of longitude 23° 36', which gives as the distance round the world at latitude 37½° south, 25,500 statute miles! This distance is again greater than the greatest distance round the 'globe' is said to be and many thousands of miles greater than could be the case on a globe.
Thus, on purely practical data, apart from any theory, the world is proved to diverge as the south is approached and not to converge, as it would do on a globe."


Video 10 is a compilation of a series of videos, all by the same channel on YouTube, which he presented as a playlist on his channel. He has since removed the first video, which calculates the distance from Sydney to Perth, as being 4003 km, compared to Google's 3295 km "as the crow flies". Globeheads were furious at how he did his calculation, using 60 nautical miles to the degree at that latitude. Using the ship log data above, we get 56 nautical miles to the degree, at 33° South Latitude (the middle latitude between Sydney and Perth). Multiply by 36° between the two, and you get 2016 nautical miles or 3733 kilometers, as the true width of Australia, east to west. It lines up nicely with the length of the Indian Pacific railway! The total length is 4352 km and includes the longest stretch of straight railway in the world. Cook is located along that stretch, and the distance Perth to Cook is about 1500 km. Then, using that distance (as a measuring stick), I showed an approximate "as the crow flies" distance of 3666 km for Sydney to Perth! (See video 8, coming soon). The Indian Pacific railway just doesn't fit on a 3295 km wide Australia, it is way to short, it places the railway a few hundred kilometers into the ocean, if we lived on a globe! This is in concordance with the ship log data above, which proves the equator is much smaller than claimed, and that longitude IN FACT diverges as you go south!

Video 10. The Gleason's Map 1892 - The Masterpiece of a Genius

Gleason Map, also called the flat earth map or AE map, short for Azimuthal Equidistant map. This is the same map as the world bank logo and the logo of its front organization, the United Nations. It also is the map for flight tracking, which is controlled by NASA. To see larger image, click on map, then right click on map and select view image, then click on that image. Now use the magnification feature of your browser until you can read the text.
The sun spirals between the two Tropics. See the June Solstice below.

In the figures June and December, the white represents the Sun's position in his respective months, at Noon. This shows sunlight inside the Arctic Circle for 24 hours. From June 21st, the Sun moves round the Tropics in a spiral circle, widening every day, until it reaches its destiny on the southern or outer Solstice, on December 21st.
Also note that the Gleason map states that there is NO SUN beyond 80° south latitude. See the December Solstice below.

On December 21st, the Sun moves round the Tropic of Capricorn, and during the day lights up the southern portion of the Earth from the Arctic Circle to some portion of Antarctic ice. There is no "sunlight" beyond 80° south, but unknown regions of ice. On the 23rd of December, the sun commences his northward journey again, returning o his starting place, and thus completes his seasons.


The Analemma is a plot of the position of the sun in the sky, taken at the same time and place every day (or every week or even just once a month) you get a figure 8 pattern. But the key observation is, that one loop is far bigger than the other, which makes perfect sense on flat earth ONLY! Like a lock and key fit, the figure 8 path of the sun overlays onto the flat earth map. The sun spirals between the Tropic of Cancer in the north, and the Tropic of Capricorn in the south (which is much bigger in circumference), so simple!

Plot of the position of the sun at 12 noon, everyday in 2006. From the Royal Observatory, Greenwhich, England.

The only reference to a 24 hour sun is in connection with Polar Man, the Antarctic Sasquatch! ;-)

Welcome to flat earth!!!